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ufw (16) Versions 0.4.0

Installs and configures Uncomplicated Firewall (ufw)

cookbook 'ufw', '= 0.4.0'
cookbook 'ufw', '= 0.4.0', :supermarket
knife cookbook site install ufw
knife cookbook site download ufw


Configures Uncomplicated Firewall (ufw) on Ubuntu. Including the ufw recipe in a run list means the firewall will be enabled and will deny everything except SSH and ICMP ping by default.

Rules may be added to the node by adding them to the ['firewall']['rules'] attributes in roles or on the node directly. The firewall cookbook has an LWRP that may be used to apply rules directly from other recipes as well. There is no need to explicitly remove rules, they are reevaluated on changes and reset. Rules are applied in the order of the run list, unless ordering is explictly added.


Tested with Ubuntu 10.04 and 11.04.



The default recipe looks for the list of firewall rules to apply from the ['firewall']['rules'] attribute added to roles and on the node itself. The list of rules is then applied to the node in the order specified.


The disable recipe is used if there is a need to disable the existing firewall, perhaps for testing. It disables the ufw firewall even if other ufw recipes attempt to enable it.

If you remove this recipe, the firewall does not get automatically re-enabled. You will need clear the value of the ['firewall']['state'] to force a recalculation of the firewall rules. This can be done with knife node edit.


The securitylevels recipe looks in the firewall data bag for different security levels to apply firewall rules. There is a ['firewall']['securitylevel'] attribute used to key the 'firewall' data bag. The list of rules to apply is found by looking at the run list for keys that map to the data bag and applied in the the order specified. The securitylevels recipe calls the default recipe after the ['firewall']['rules'] attribute is set to appy the rules, so you may mix roles with securitylevels if you want (roles apply first, then data bag contents).


Roles and the node may have the ['firewall']['rules'] attribute set. This attribute is a list of hashes, the key will be rule name, the value will be the hash of parameters. Application order is based on run list.

Example Role

name "fw_example"
description "Firewall rules for Examples"
  "firewall" => {
    "rules" => [
      {"tftp" => {}},
      {"http" => {
          "port" => "80"
      {"block tomcat from" => {
          "port" => "8080",
          "source" => "",
          "action" => "deny"
      {"Allow access to udp port 5469 from port 5469" => {
          "protocol" => "udp",
          "port" => "5469",
          "source" => "",
          "destination" => "",
          "dest_port" => "5469"

Data Bags

If you are using security levels, the firewall data bag will contain items that map to role names (eg. the 'apache' role will map to the 'apache' item in the 'firewall' data bag). Either roles or recipes may be keys (role[webserver] is 'webserver', recipe[apache2] is 'apache2'). If you have recipe-specific firewall rules, you will need to replace the '::' with '' (double underscores) (eg. recipe[apache2::mod_ssl] is 'apache2mod_ssl' in the data bag item). Within the item, there will be a keys corresponding to security levels (ie. 'green', 'red', 'yellow'). These keys will contain hashes to apply to the ['firewall']['rules'] attribute.

% knife data bag create firewall
% knife data bag from file firewall examples/data_bags/firewall/apache2.json

Example 'firewall' data bag item

    "id": "apache2",
    "green": [
        {"http": {
            "port": "80"
    "red": [
        {"http": {
            "port": "80"
        {"block http from": {
            "port": "80",
            "source": "",
            "action": "deny"
    "yellow": [
        {"http": {
            "port": "81"


The firewall cookbook provides the firewall_rule LWRP, for which there is a ufw provider.


Logging and limiting are not yet supported. Logging will be added next.

License and Author

Author:: Matt Ray (

Copyright:: 2011 Opscode, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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