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powershell (31) Versions 3.3.2

Installs/Configures PowerShell on the Windows platform

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Knife
cookbook 'powershell', '= 3.3.2'
cookbook 'powershell', '= 3.3.2', :supermarket
knife cookbook site install powershell
knife cookbook site download powershell
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Powershell Cookbook

AppVeyor Build status Travis Build Status Cookbook Version

Installs and configures PowerShell 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 or 5.0.

For users of Chef 10 without the powershell_script built-in resource, this cookbook also includes a resource/provider for executing scripts using the PowerShell interpreter.

Requirements

Platforms

Not every version of Windows supports every version of Powershell. The following table illustrates Powershell support across the Windows family. Included means that the base installation of the operating system includes the indicated version of Powershell.

<table> <tr> <th>Windows Version</th> <th>PowerShell 2.0</th> <th>PowerShell 3.0</th> <th>PowerShell 4.0</th> <th>PowerShell 5.0</th> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows XP</td> <td>Supported</td> <td></td> <td></td> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows Server 2003 / 2003 R2</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Not Available</td> <td>Not Available</td> <td>Not Available</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows Server 2008 / Vista</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Not Available</td> <td>Not Available</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows Server 2008 R2</td> <td>Included</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Supported</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows Server 2012 / Windows 8</td> <td>Included</td> <td>Included</td> <td>Supported</td> <td>Supported</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Windows Server 2012R2 / Windows 8.1</td> <td>Included</td> <td>Not Available</td> <td>Included</td> <td>Supported</td> </tr> </table>

Cookbooks

  • windows

PowerShell also requires the appropriate version of the Microsoft .NET Framework to be installed, if the operating system does not ship with that version. The following community cookbooks are used to install the correct version of the .NET Framework:

  • ms_dotnet

Resource/Provider

Note: In Chef 11, use the built-in powershell_script resource.

powershell

Execute a script using the PowerShell interpreter (much like the script resources for bash, csh, perl, python and ruby). A temporary file is created and executed like other script resources, rather than run inline. By their nature, Script resources are not idempotent, as they are completely up to the user's imagination. Use the not_if or only_if meta parameters to guard the resource for idempotence.

Actions

  • :run: run the script

Attribute Parameters

  • command: name attribute. Name of the command to execute.
  • code: quoted string of code to execute.
  • creates: a file this command creates - if the file exists, the command will not be run.
  • cwd: current working directory to run the command from.
  • flags: command line flags to pass to the interpreter when invoking.
  • environment: A hash of environment variables to set before running this command.
  • user: A user name or user ID that we should change to before running this command.
  • group: A group name or group ID that we should change to before running this command.
  • returns: The return value of the command (may be an array of accepted values). This resource raises an exception if the return value(s) do not match.
  • timeout: How many seconds to let the command run before timing it out.

Examples

# change the computer's hostname
powershell "rename hostname" do
  code <<-EOH
  $computer_name = Get-Content env:computername
  $new_name = 'test-hostname'
  $sysInfo = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_ComputerSystem
  $sysInfo.Rename($new_name)
  EOH
end
# write out to an interpolated path
powershell "write-to-interpolated-path" do
  code <<-EOH
  $stream = [System.IO.StreamWriter] "#{Chef::Config[:file_cache_path]}/powershell-test.txt"
  $stream.WriteLine("In #{Chef::Config[:file_cache_path]}...word.")
  $stream.close()
  EOH
end
# use the change working directory attribute
powershell "cwd-then-write" do
  cwd Chef::Config[:file_cache_path]
  code <<-EOH
  $stream = [System.IO.StreamWriter] "C:/powershell-test2.txt"
  $pwd = pwd
  $stream.WriteLine("This is the contents of: $pwd")
  $dirs = dir
  foreach ($dir in $dirs) {
    $stream.WriteLine($dir.fullname)
  }
  $stream.close()
  EOH
end
# cwd to a winodws env variable
powershell "cwd-to-win-env-var" do
  cwd ENV['TEMP']
  code <<-EOH
  $stream = [System.IO.StreamWriter] "./temp-write-from-chef.txt"
  $stream.WriteLine("chef on windows rox yo!")
  $stream.close()
  EOH
end
# pass an env var to script
powershell "read-env-var" do
  cwd Chef::Config[:file_cache_path]
  environment ({'foo' => 'BAZ'})
  code <<-EOH
  $stream = [System.IO.StreamWriter] "./test-read-env-var.txt"
  $stream.WriteLine("FOO is $env:foo")
  $stream.close()
  EOH
end

powershell_module

Installs or uninstalls a Powershell module. You either need to install rubyzip with chef_gem or include the default recipe before using this resource.

Actions

  • :install: install the powershell module
  • :uninstall: uninstall the powershell module

Attribute Parameters

  • name: name attribute. Name of the module to install or uninstall.
  • source: quoted string of Local directory path(Not zipfile) or URL for the zipped module folder.
  • package_name: quoted string of name of the module to install or uninstall.
  • destination: location where module should be installed

Examples

include_recipe 'powershell::default'

# Install module from local directory path
# change the package_name and source
powershell_module "PsUrl" do
  package_name "PsUrl"
  source "C:\\PsUrl"
end
# Install from URL of zipped module folder
powershell_module "posh-git" do
  package_name "posh-git"
  source "https://github.com/dahlbyk/posh-git/zipball/master"
end
# change the package_name
powershell_module "Uninstall PsUrl" do
  package_name "PsUrl"
  action :uninstall
end
# Install without using 'source' attribute
powershell_module "https://github.com/dahlbyk/posh-git/zipball/master" do
  package_name "posh-git"  
end

Mixin

The Chef::Mixin::PowershellOut mixin has been moved to the windows cookbook.

Usage

Note: The installation may require a restart of the node being configured before PowerShell can be used.

default

The default recipe is needs to be included before using the powershell_module resource.

powershell2

Include the powershell2 recipe in a run list, to ensure PowerShell 2.0 is installed.

On the following versions of Windows the PowerShell 2.0 package will be downloaded from Microsoft and installed:

  • Windows XP
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Windows Vista

On the following versions of Windows, PowerShell 2.0 is present and must just be enabled:

  • Windows 7
  • Windows Server 2008 R2
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Core

powershell3

Include the powershell3 recipe in a run list, to install PowerShell 3.0 is installed on applicable platforms. If a platform is not supported or if it already includes PowerShell 3.0, an exception will be raised.

powershell4

Include the powershell4 recipe in a run list, to install PowerShell 4.0 is installed on applicable platforms. If a platform is not supported or if it already includes PowerShell 4.0, an exception will be raised.

powershell5

Include the powershell5 recipe in a run list, to install PowerShell 5.0 is installed on applicable platforms. If a platform is not supported or if it already includes PowerShell 5.0, an exception will be raised.

References

License & Authors

Copyright:: 2011-2015, Chef Software, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

Change Log

v3.3.2 (2016-06-09)

Full Changelog

Merged pull requests:

v3.3.1 (2016-05-27)

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Merged pull requests:

v3.3.0 (2016-05-17)

Full Changelog

Merged pull requests:

v3.2.3 (2015-12-24)

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Merged pull requests:

v3.2.2 (2015-12-18)

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Merged pull requests:

v3.2.1 (2015-12-17)

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Merged pull requests:

v3.2.0 (2015-12-14)

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Merged pull requests:

v3.0.7 (2014-07-16)

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v3.0.6 (2014-07-15)

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v3.0.5 (2014-07-12)

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v3.0.4 (2014-05-10)

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v3.0.2 (2014-04-24)

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v3.0.0 (2014-02-05)

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v2.0.0 (2014-01-03)

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Merged pull requests:

  • [COOK-3330] Only adds the helper on windows (fixes crashes on *nix) #5 (skoczen)

v1.1.2 (2013-08-28)

Full Changelog

Merged pull requests:

1.1.0 (2013-06-15)

Full Changelog

Merged pull requests:

  • fixing foodcritic alerts #3 (ranjib)
  • Add powershell_out mixin for use in LWRPs at compile #2 (moserke)

1.0.8 (2012-11-26)

Merged pull requests:

* This Change Log was automatically generated by github_changelog_generator

Collaborator Number Metric
            

3.3.2 passed this metric

Foodcritic Metric
            

3.3.2 passed this metric