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multipackage (12) Versions 3.0.30

Accumulated installation of multiple packages across multiple cookbooks

Berkshelf/Librarian
Policyfile
Knife
cookbook 'multipackage', '= 3.0.30'
cookbook 'multipackage', '= 3.0.30', :supermarket
knife cookbook site install multipackage
knife cookbook site download multipackage
README
Dependencies
Quality

Multipackage Cookbook

Build Status +Code Climate Cookbook Version

Chef Package Installation Nirvana

  • Leverages Chef 12.1.0 multipackage installation
  • Back-compat with Chef 12.0.x
  • Compatible with package provider that do not support multipackage
  • Accumulate packages across all cookbooks and install with one resource
  • Duplicated packages do not generate CHEF-3694 resource cloning errors

Chef 11.x Compat

  • The last version of this that supported Chef 11.x was 2.0.4

Note that in that version you have to use multipackage_install to do scatter-gather and multipackage is the resource which was renamed to multipackage_internal.

Description

This cookbook supplies an LWRP multipackage_internal which provides a backwards-compatability layer around supplying an array of packages to the package resource which was introduced in Chef 12.1.0. By using this LWRP a cookbook will execute a single resource with an array argument on Chef 12.1.0, but will dispatch multiple resources to handle each individual resource to maintain compatibility with previous versions of Chef.

This cookbook also supplies a definition multipackage which wraps multipackage with additional functionality not present in core chef which implements an accumulator pattern to gather packages from many different cookbooks and install them in a single resource call (assuming it runs on Chef 12.1.0 or greater).

Supports

This should run fine on any distro on any version of Chef. For installing multiple packages in a single resource call the core chef provider that is being used will need to support that (as of Chef 12.1.0 this is only apt on Ubuntu and yum on RHELs/Fedora).

Cookbook Dependencies

None

Resources

multipackage_internal

This takes an array of packages and installs them. On chef versions that do not support array arguments to the package resource it will explode the package_name argument into multiple package resources for backwards compatibility.

Example

This installs three packages and shows the parameters which the definition supports:

multipackage_internal [ "lsof, "tcpdump", "zsh" ] do
  version [ "1.1.1", "2.2.2", "3.3.3" ]
  options { "some" => "options" }
  timeout 86400
end

Actions

  • :install - install the packages
  • :remove - remove the packages
  • :upgrade - upgrade the packages
  • :reconfig - reconfigure the packages
  • :purge - purge the packages

Parameters

  • package_name - This must be an array
  • version - This must be an array and, if present, must have the same number of elements as package_name
  • options - Options to pass to package provider(s).
  • timeout - Timeout to pass to package provider(s).

Definitions

multipackage

This implements an accumulator pattern to gather all its arguments across every cookbook and issue a single multipackage_internal resource to install all of the gathered packages. The resource will be placed in the resource collection at the point where the first definition is encountered -- in other words it will run very early in converge phase as opposed to being implemented as a delayed notification which would run too late for cookbooks to depend upon the packages being installed.

Example

On Chef >= 12.1.0 and Ubuntu/RHEL these files will result in a single resource that installs all 4 packages at once.

In my_zlib/default.rb:

multipackage "zlib-dev"

In my_zsh/default.rb:

multipackage "zsh"

In my_xml/default.rb:

multipackage [ "xml2-dev", "xslt-dev" ]

The definition with no arguments will create the multipackage_internal resource in the resource collection at the point where this line is evaluated (if this is the first recipe line your chef client run parses, then the first thing that will happen in your chef-client run is that all packages will be installed):

multipackage

In Chef 12 (Chef-11 definitions do not support this behavior) this definition returns the resource it creates so you can hang notifies and subscribes off of if:

multipackage.notifies :write, "log[foo]", :immediately

Parameters

  • package_name - This must be an array
  • version - This must be an array and, if present, must have the same number of elements as package_name
  • options - Options to pass to package provider, currently there is no merging, last-writer-wins
  • timeout - Timeout to pass to package provider, last-writer-wins

Recipes

None

Attributes

None

Usage

Put 'depends multipackage' in your metadata.rb to gain access to the LWRP and definition in your code.

NOTE on Using Definitions

This cookbook uses a definition for a specific purpose to implement an accumulator or scatter-gather pattern so that many statements across multiple recipes and cookbooks produce one resource which is executed. This is done with a definition so that the accumulating/gathering process occurs at compile-time. When compile-time is finished all of the data has been accumulated. This lets a resource run very early in the run-list and do its work early.

If this was implemented as an LWRP it would have to do its accumulation work late, at converge time in the provider That would make it impossible to install the packages early. An LWRP implementation is possible in conjunction with a delayed notification to a resource to consume the accumulated data, but then recipe code could not depend on the packages having been installed. Since a definition is a compile-time macro this cookbook takes advantage of that distinction to more elegantly solve this problem without forcing providers to run at compile_time which is more of an antipattern than definitions are.

Definitions also do not have a "CHEF-3694" "resource cloning" issue. That makes it easy for the definition to roll its own logic to handle collisions.

In general LWRPs should always be used over definitions. This is the one case where they should be used.

Bugs and Edge Conditions

  • options could be merged in the definition
  • timeout could update the timeout in the definition only if its larger than the current one or something like that
  • there's other parameters to package, yum_package, etc that are not implemented
  • to suppress CHEF-3694 errors the first declaration of installing a package 'wins' with regards to options/version/etc

Contributing

Just open a PR or Issue on GitHub.

License and Author

Copyright:: 2015 Lamont Granquist

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

Dependent cookbooks

compat_resource >= 0.0.0

Contingent cookbooks

zsh Applicable Versions

Collaborator Number Metric
            

3.0.30 failed this metric

Failure: Cookbook has 0 collaborators. A cookbook must have at least 2 collaborators to pass this metric.

Foodcritic Metric
            

3.0.30 passed this metric

License Metric
            

3.0.30 passed this metric

Publish Metric
            

3.0.30 passed this metric