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acme (9) Versions 4.1.4

ACME client cookbook for free and trusted SSL/TLS certificates from Let's Encrypt

Berkshelf
Policyfile
Knife
cookbook 'acme', '~> 4.1.4'
cookbook 'acme', '~> 4.1.4', :supermarket
knife supermarket install acme
knife supermarket download acme
README
Dependencies
Quality 63%

ACME cookbook

Build Status Cookbook Version

Automatically get/renew free and trusted certificates from Let's Encrypt (letsencrypt.org). ACME is the Automated Certificate Management Environment protocol used by Let's Encrypt.

Starting with v4.0.0 of the acme cookbook the acme_ssl_certificate provider has been removed! The TLS-SNI-01 validation method used by this provider been disabled by Let's Encrypt due to security concerns. Please switch to the acme_certificate provider in this cookbook to request and renew your certificate using the supported HTTP-01 validation method.

Attributes

Attribute Description Default
contact Contact information, default empty. Set to mailto:your@email.com []
dir ACME server endpoint, Set to https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory if you want to use the Let's Encrypt staging environment and corresponding certificates. https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
renew Days before the certificate expires at which the certificate will be renewed 30
source_ips IP addresses used by Let's Encrypt to verify the TLS certificates, it will change over time. This attribute is for firewall purposes. Allow these IPs for HTTP (tcp/80). ['66.133.109.36']
private_key Private key content of registered account. Private keys identify the ACME client with the endpoint and are not transferable between staging and production endpoints. nil
key_size Default private key size used when resource property is not. Must be one out of: 2048, 3072, 4096. 2048

Recipes

default

Installs the required acme-client rubygem.

Usage

Use the acme_certificate resource to request a certificate with the http-01 challenge. The webserver for the domain for which you are requesting a certificate must be running on the local server. This resource only supports the http validation method. To use the tls-sni-01 challenge, please see the resource below. Provide the path to your wwwroot for the specified domain.

acme_certificate 'test.example.com' do
  crt               '/etc/ssl/test.example.com.crt'
  key               '/etc/ssl/test.example.com.key'
  wwwroot           '/var/www'
end

If your webserver needs an existing certificate already when installing a new server, you will have a bootstrap problem: The web server cannot start without a certificate, but the certificate cannot be requested without the running web server. To overcome this, a temporary self-signed certificate can be generated with the acme_selfsigned resource, allowing the web server to start.

acme_selfsigned 'test.example.com' do
  crt     '/etc/ssl/test.example.com.crt'
  chain   '/etc/ssl/test.example.com-chain.crt'
  key     '/etc/ssl/test.example.com.key'
end

A working example can be found in the included acme_client test cookbook.

Providers

certificate

Property Type Default Description
cn string name The common name for the certificate
alt_names array [] The common name for the certificate
crt string nil File path to place the certificate
key string nil File path to place the private key
key_size integer 2048 Private key size. Must be one out of: 2048, 3072, 4096
owner string root Owner of the created files
group string root Group of the created files
wwwroot string /var/www Path to the wwwroot of the domain
ignore_failure boolean false Whether to continue chef run if issuance fails
retries integer 0 Number of times to catch exceptions and retry
retry_delay integer 2 Number of seconds to wait between retries
endpoint string nil The Let's Encrypt endpoint to use
contact array [] The contact to use

selfsigned

Property Type Default Description
cn string name The common name for the certificate
crt string nil File path to place the certificate
key string nil File path to place the private key
key_size integer 2048 Private key size. Must be one out of: 2048, 3072, 4096
chain string nil File path to place the certificate chain
owner string root Owner of the created files
group string root Group of the created files

Example

To generate a certificate for an apache2 website you can use code like this:

# Include the recipe to install the gems
include_recipe 'acme'

# Set up contact information. Note the mailto: notation
node.override['acme']['contact'] = ['mailto:me@example.com']
# Real certificates please...
node.override['acme']['endpoint'] = 'https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org'

site = "example.com"
sans = ["www.#{site}"]

# Generate a self-signed if we don't have a cert to prevent bootstrap problems
acme_selfsigned "#{site}" do
  crt     "/etc/httpd/ssl/#{site}.crt"
  key     "/etc/httpd/ssl/#{site}.key"
  chain    "/etc/httpd/ssl/#{site}.pem"
  owner   "apache"
  group   "apache"
  notifies :restart, "service[apache2]", :immediate
end

# Set up your web server here...

# Get and auto-renew the certificate from Let's Encrypt
acme_certificate "#{site}" do
  crt               "/etc/httpd/ssl/#{site}.crt"
  key               "/etc/httpd/ssl/#{site}.key"
  wwwroot           "/var/www/#{site}/htdocs/"
  notifies :restart, "service[apache2]"
  alt_names sans
end

DNS verification

Letsencrypt supports DNS validation. Depending on the setup there may be different ways to deploy an acme challenge to your infrastructure. If you want to use DSN validation, you have to provide two block arguments to the acme_certificate resource.

Implement 2 methods in a library in your cookbook, each returning a Proc object. The following example uses a HTTP API to provide challenges to the DNS infrastructure.

# my_cookbook/libraries/acme_dns.rb

class Chef
  class Recipe
    def install_dns_challenge(apitoken)
      Proc.new do |authorization, new_resource|
        # use DNS authorization
        authz = authorization.dns
        fqdn = authorization.identifier['value']
        r = Net::HTTP.post(URI("https://my_awesome_dns_api/#{fqdn}"), authz.record_content, {'Authorization' => "Token #{apitoken}"})
        if r.code != '200'
          fail "DNS API does not want to install Challenge for #{fqdn}"
        else
          # do some validation that the challenge has propagated to the infrastructure
        end
        # it is important that the authz and fqdn is passed back, so it can be passed to the remove_dns_challenge method
        [authz, fqdn]
      end
    end
    def remove_dns_challenge(apitoken)
      Proc.new do |authz, fqdn|
        uri = URI("https://my_awesome_dns_api/#{fqdn}")
        Net::HTTP.start(uri.hostname, uri.port, use_ssl: uri.scheme=='https') do |http|
          http.delete(uri, {'Authorization' => "Token #{apitoken}"})
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Use it in your recipe the following way:

apitoken = chef_vault_item(vault, item)['dns_api_token']
acme_certificate node['fqdn'] do
  key '/path/to/key'
  crt '/path/to/crt'
  install_authz_block install_dns_challenge(apitoken)
  remove_authz_block remove_dns_challenge(apitoken)
end

Testing

The kitchen includes a pebble server to run the integration tests with, so testing can run locally without interaction with the online APIs.

Contributing

  1. Fork the repository on Github
  2. Create a named feature branch (like add_component_x)
  3. Write your change
  4. Write tests for your change (if applicable)
  5. Run the tests, ensuring they all pass
  6. Submit a Pull Request using Github

License and Authors

Authors: Thijs Houtenbos thoutenbos@schubergphilis.com

Credits

Let’s Encrypt is a trademark of the Internet Security Research Group. All rights reserved.

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This cookbook has no specified dependencies.

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