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ephemeral_raid (6) Versions 0.0.10

Creates Dynamic Ephemeral Raids on EC2 or GCE

Berkshelf/Librarian
Policyfile
Knife
cookbook 'ephemeral_raid', '~> 0.0.10'
cookbook 'ephemeral_raid', '~> 0.0.10', :supermarket
knife cookbook site install ephemeral_raid
knife cookbook site download ephemeral_raid
README
Dependencies
Changelog
Quality 56%

Description

This cookbook exists to automatically make a RAID array using all the Ephemeral block devices (aka "disks", but we cannot know for sure what they are) it can find present to the system it runs on.

The cookbook's default RAID level is 0 - maximum performance with absolutely no redundancy. You must change the attribute to something else if you are worried about dataloss.

The Ephemeral block devices typically have higher performance than other volumes and due to their Ephemeral nature are ideal for high-IO throw-away work or clustered loads that run with sufficient levels of distributed data redundancy: i.e. multi-AZ or multi-region data replication.

These block devices are also typically included with the instance you choose - at no extra cost.

Cloud providers may be sneaky however, since only one of these block devices are available by default when you launch an instance without requisite block device mappings.

See the Usage section for further info on how to get the drives to show up in one example.

This cookbook does not create filesystems, but there is a cookbook out there that does just that : the filesystem cookbook.

Use Case

For EC2: See http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/instance-types/ for an up to date list of how many ephemeral block devices/disks there are for each instance type - these devices/disks are otherwise referred to as 'Instance Storage'.

This recipe is only really worth using if there is more than one block device available. At the time of writing the instances that this cookbook suits being run upon are:

  • m1.large 2 x 420 HDD
  • m1.xlarge 4 x 420 HDD
  • c1.xlarge 4 x 420 HDD
  • cc2.8xlarge 4 x 840 HDD
  • m2.4xlarge 2 x 840 HDD
  • cr1.8xlarge 2 x 120 SSD
  • hi1.4xlarge 2 x 1,024 SSD
  • hs1.8xlarge 24 x 2,048 HDD
  • cg1.4xlarge 2 x 840 HDD

Default Behaviour

By default this cookbook grabs all the ephemeral block devices it finds, cleans them up and then creates a raid level 0 array out of them with mdraid.

Suggested Use Pattern

This cookbook should be used with the [filesystem] cookbook.

Requirements

  • A relatively recent common Linux distribution. This recipe is linux-only.

  • A cloud provider that Ohai recognises.

  • Two or more mapped Ephemeral block devices.

  • mdadm - This is needed for forming the raid device. We use it via the chef provider.

Recipes

  • default.rb : A dummy recipe pointing to install.rb
  • install.rb : Installs everything by calling the rest of the recipes in the right order i.e. once packages have been installed.
  • cleanup.rb : Unmounts devices and clears partition tables.
  • makeraid.rb : Creates the raid device, using the mdadm provider.

Attributes

See the contents of attributes/default.rb where there are accurate comments and self-explanatory attribute names.

Usage

When you run your instances or create your autoscaling configuration, in the following case for EC2 m1.xlarge instances, you must specify the four free emphemeral devices like so:

--block-device-mapping "/dev/xvdb=ephemeral0,/dev/xvdc=ephemeral1,/dev/xvdd=ephemeral2,/dev/xvde=ephemeral3"

While we recommend you retain most of the default behaviour, your needs may differ so consider the following example, which includes filesystem creation:

run_list ephemeral_raid, filesystem

{
  "ephemeral": {
    "raid": {
      "level": "10",
    }
  },
  "filesystems": { 
    "raidfs": {
      "device": "/dev/md0",
      "mount": "/mnt",
      "fstype": "xfs",
      "optons": "noatime,nobarrier",
      "mkfs_options": "-d sunit=128,swidth=2048"
    }
  }
}

Development

See the [Github page][https://github.com/mdsol/ephemeral_raid_cookbook]

Authors

Special Thanks

  • This cookbook was built on the shoulders of giants such as Mike Heffner mike@librato.com who originated the original recipe provided significant suggestions for improvement.
  • The ephemeral devices helper was taken from Apache 2.0 licensed work by RightScale. Their quality is awesome.

Copyright: 2013–2013 Medidata Solutions, Inc.

Dependent cookbooks

This cookbook has no specified dependencies.

Contingent cookbooks

There are no cookbooks that are contingent upon this one.

CHANGELOG for ephemeral_raid

This file is used to list changes made in each version of ephemeral_raid.

0.0.10:

  • Support for GCE local SSDs thanks to Ian Springer (ispringer)

0.0.9:

  • Fix to single device handling thanks to Klaas Jan Wierenga (kjwierenga)

0.0.8:

  • Fix to raid0 check thanks to ajorgensen

0.0.7:

  • Initial release of ephemeral_raid

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Collaborator Number Metric
            

0.0.10 failed this metric

Failure: Cookbook has 1 collaborators. A cookbook must have at least 2 collaborators to pass this metric.

Contributing File Metric
            

0.0.10 failed this metric

Failure: To pass this metric, your cookbook metadata must include a source url, the source url must be in the form of https://github.com/user/repo, and your repo must contain a CONTRIBUTING.md file

Foodcritic Metric
            

0.0.10 failed this metric

FC064: Ensure issues_url is set in metadata: ephemeral_raid/metadata.rb:1
FC065: Ensure source_url is set in metadata: ephemeral_raid/metadata.rb:1
FC066: Ensure chef_version is set in metadata: ephemeral_raid/metadata.rb:1
FC069: Ensure standardized license defined in metadata: ephemeral_raid/metadata.rb:1
Run with Foodcritic Version 12.0.1 with tags metadata,correctness ~FC031 ~FC045 and failure tags any

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0.0.10 passed this metric

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0.0.10 passed this metric

Supported Platforms Metric
            

0.0.10 passed this metric

Testing File Metric
            

0.0.10 failed this metric

Failure: To pass this metric, your cookbook metadata must include a source url, the source url must be in the form of https://github.com/user/repo, and your repo must contain a TESTING.md file

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0.0.10 passed this metric